Effective and efficient military-specification (mil-spec) pressure safety valve discharge piping design is essential to safe and efficient maritime operations. Boiler systems, engine rooms, hydraulics for steering systems and machinery, and ballast and bilge systems all depend on effective discharge piping that can pull through in challenging, high-risk environments.
Pressure relief safety valves handle the flow of fluids through a system in the event of an overpressure situation that could damage vessels, pipes, or equipment or endanger the safety of nearby personnel. Utilizing a discharge relief valve and internal liquid outlet valve, discharge piping directs overpressurized fluid away from protected equipment to a designated safe location, such as an atmospheric vent for gases or a containment vessel for liquids.
Understanding the Components of Pressure Safety Valve Discharge Piping
Effective pressure safety valve discharge piping design links the two valves and plays a critical role in ensuring safe discharge by directing discharged fluid away from protected equipment and personnel, mitigating pressure drop, and preventing backflow that could damage critical valves or impede their performance.
The two main components of pressure safety valve discharge piping are:
The Pressure Relief Safety Valve
Also known as a safety valve, discharge relief valve, or pressure relief valve, the pressure relief safety valve plays an essential role in preventing overpressure throughout critical systems, vessels, and equipment. When the pressure running through a system exceeds a set point, the pressure relief valve automatically opens to discharge excess fluid through the rest of the discharge piping system and lower pressure throughout the system.
At Dante Valve, we offer various discharge relief valves built to an exceedingly high standard to accommodate military applications.
The Internal Liquid Outlet Valve
As a part of the design of the discharge piping system, the internal liquid outlet valve is placed downstream of the safety valve to control fluid flow throughout the discharge piping. When excess liquid or gas flows through the pressure relief safety valve, the internal liquid outlet valve controls where it goes next, typically to a collection point.
Designing Mil-Spec Relief Valve Discharge Piping
Mil-spec discharge piping must take into account a vast range of considerations to ensure effectiveness and safety. Stringent adherence to the high standards of military-grade infrastructure, of course, is paramount.
Designing mil-spec pressure discharge systems means taking into careful consideration relief valve discharge piping requirements. Some of these requirements include:
- Using piping material compatible with the temperature, pressure, and corrosiveness of the operational environment
- Properly sizing the piping to connect properly with valves and handle the maximum flow rate with minimal pressure drop
- The location of the discharge outlet to direct fluid safely away from equipment and personnel
- Proper drainage to prevent liquid or condensate accumulation
- Supports and restraints to prevent excess noise or vibrations that could damage equipment
- Compliance with the strict quality standards required for mil-spec design
Where should pressure relief valves drain to?
Depending on the purpose of your pressure relief valve discharge pipe design, you have many available options for the discharge point. For example, non-toxic and non-hazardous gases and vapors can usually be discharged through an atmospheric vent, while some other gases may need to be burned off in a flare system.
Fluid can also be discharged into a blowdown tank or collection vessel for temporary storage or treatment, or into a recovery or recycle system for further processing.
Ultimately, the design of discharge piping must safely and responsibly direct fluid away from people and equipment. In a maritime use case, atmospheric vents and safe exhaust stacks are commonly used to dispose of excess gases, while other fluids may discharge into sanitary systems for treatment and disposal.
What should the discharge capacity of your pressure safety valve be?
Mil-spec discharge piping must meet the specific discharge capacity needs of the system it will protect. Selecting and sizing PSVs and pipe for an effective discharge piping design accounts for equipment specifications and system design parameters, as well as safety and environmental concerns.
Ensuring Discharge Pipe Safety and Compliance with Mil-spec Safety Valve Manufacturers
Safety relief valve discharge piping is essential to the safety, efficiency, and effectiveness of critical systems in US Navy vessels, making high-quality mil-spec valves and piping system designs paramount for maritime operations worldwide.
Working with reputable safety valve manufacturers with an eye for mil-spec quality is the key to achieving the reliable pressure relief systems demanded by the rigors of maritime military operations.
At Dante Valve, we manufacture and distribute relief valves with an equal commitment to peerless manufacturing quality and customer service to ensure performance optimization, consistent and reliable quality, and flexible customization efforts to fit the unique needs of any pressure safety valve discharge piping design.